From occupied Germany to divided Germany
The chronological frieze on the right-hand wall illustrates how, with the Second World War scarcely over, Germany entered a period of East-West antagonism. The simultaneous defeat of Germany by Soviet and Anglo-American troops, who linked up at Torgau in April 1945, caused the division of Germany during the Cold War.
Berlin paid a very high price for war – due to a lack of male workers, the women were called on to clear the city’s ruins. Cold and hunger were a constant torment to the city’s people. The United States’ Marshall Plan brought an end to these difficulties but heightened the division brought about by the occupied sectors – the unity of Berlin was no longer but a memory. In Europe, the occupied zones gradually chose their side and two ideological blocs were formed.