In Europe more than two million persons were deported to concentration camps in the heart of Nazi Germany. The reasons given: acts of resistance, political activities, opposing – or not – behaviour.
Within this system of concentration camps, set up as early as 1933, it is a matter not of systematically and immediately killing, as in the death camps, but of holding a captive population, forced to work until exhaustion, for the war economy of the IIIrd Reich. The resulting number of victims due to ill-treatment, malnutrition, disease and exhaustion is estimated at nearly 800 000.
In France, repressive deportation affected more than 86 000 people. Approximately 60% survived. More than 8 800 women were deported to concentration camps, mostly (6 600) to Ravensbrück.