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The Battle of Normandy

The Falaise pocket

In mid-August, the success of Operation Cobra and the failure of the rash counterattack launched in Mortain upon Hitler’s orders gave General Bradley the idea of carrying out a vast encircling manoeuvre.

In mid-August, the success of Operation Cobra and the failure of the rash counterattack launched in Mortain upon Hitler’s orders gave General Bradley the idea of carrying out a vast encircling manoeuvre. Forced to fight on the run, the German armies were rapidly caught between two pincers (Anglo-Canadian to the north and American to the south), which inexorably closed upon them. Relentlessly pounded by aircraft and artillery, the pocket grew smaller by the day, finally closing once and for all on 21 August, near the village of Chambois.