American forces advanced in the Pacific and the Far East. Atomic bombs were dropped on the cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
The cost and ending of the war
Reconquest of the Pacific
In January 1945, the allied armies launched an all-out war of attrition against Japanese forces in the Pacific and the Far East. The Philippines, New Guinea and Burma were retaken and continuing their advance on Japan, American troops took Iwo Jima and Okinawa – two victories that put the Japanese archipelago within reach of allied fire.
For political and military reasons and despite negotiations with the Japanese government, President Truman decided to use the atomic bomb. On 6 and 9 August, two A-bombs were dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. At the same time, Moscow declared war on Tokyo and attacked Manchuria.
On 15 August, Emperor Hirohito of Japan asked his people to “accept the unacceptable”; the act of capitulation was signed on 2 September aboard the American battleship Missouri.
Hiroshima – Nagasaki, the atomic horror:
On 6 August 1945, the B-29 bomber “Enola Gay” dropped an atom bomb on the city of Hiroshima. The nuclear blast killed over 100,000 people. Some 30,000 more would die as a result of radiation. Three days later, a second bomb was dropped on Nagasaki.