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Genocide and mass violence

The death camps

Death camps like Auschwitz-Birkenau were built to exterminate the Jews of Europe

Carrying on from these killings, generally carried out by the Einsatzgruppen, the organized extermination of European Jews was edicted in late autumn 1941. At the Wannsee conference on 20 January 1942, the genocide became an industry of death and was methodically planned out.

Six death camps, including the Auschwitz-Birkenau complex, were then built to accelerate the destruction of all Jews in Europe and thereby deliver a "final solution" to the "Jewish question".

The Auschwitz-Birkenau table, touchable and in multimedia form, offers deeper understanding of how the main death camp operated. This is the place where over a million Jews - men, women and children alike - were murdered.

The school bag and child’s shoe found at Auschwitz, presented together in the display, remind us that the murder of children bears the most undeniable stamp of the Nazi desire for extermination and genocide. In fact, over 1.4 million children under the age of 15 were slaughtered.