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Genocide and mass violence

The fate of the Gypsies

Before leaving the first part of this room on the Holocaust, take some time to consider the fate of the Gypsy populations.

Various aspects of the persecution of Gypsies are reminiscent of that of Jews. But in Nazi ideology Gypsies did not have the same status as Jews. They were a "plague" against which Germany had to protect itself, but were not identified as the absolute enemy or a mortal danger to be annihilated. Their extermination was not systematic, but an estimate has been produced today with some considerable gaps: between 50,000 and 200,000 deaths.