Mass killings and countless atrocities irreversibly altered the nature of the conflict.
Genocide and mass violence
The following room touches on some of the manifestations of mass violence that occurred during the Second World War: the violence at the heart of Nazism, the violent war in the East, the terrible fate of Soviet prisoners of war, the siege or bombardment of cities, to name a few. Brutal markers of the barbarity that caused the annihilation of millions of men by other men, convinced that this slaughter was reasonable, legitimate, inevitable… in a word, necessary.
A large part of this sequence is devoted to the violence of the Japanese army, in particular during the Nanking massacre - now Nanjing - in 1937. An early example of mass violence, the capture of the city resulted in a horrendous slaughter: shootings, decapitations, drownings, executions by sword and firearm, innumerable rapes and looting. The 300,000 deaths resulting from the "Rape of Nanking" were a precurser to the era of mass killings.