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Reconquest and Liberation

Purges

As retribution for collaborating with the occupying forces, purges occurred to varying extents from country to country.

The main excess of the Liberation, the practice of shaving women – here shown on film - is significant for more than one reason: it was one of the main markers of the difficult passage from a state of war to a state of peace, an intense image of swift, extrajudicial and savage justice carried out at the time of the Liberation. The demonstration of retribution for real or supposed collaborators, considered reminders of yesterday's now defeated enemy.