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Reconquest and Liberation


One of the main themes of this room is devoted to reprisals, and to the escalation of repression that characterised 1944.

Countering the widely held idea of a "savage" German army in the East and "polite and pleasant" army in the West. The hardening of German repression in Western Europe was prevalent in the winter of 1943-1944.

The fight against Resistance insurgents in Belgium, Italy and France, as well as the subsequent reprisals, showed the same mechanisms of radicalisation as those observed in the East, with most of the victims being civilians, women and children included.