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Reconquest and Liberation

Successive liberations

From 1943 to 1945, towns and countries were liberated slowly but surely.

The act of Liberation which marks the true end of conflict all over Europe  - more than the actual day of German capitulation - varies in each country or each region of the same country. The fight could last from a few days to several weeks.

Between Kiev (6 November 1943) and La Rochelle or Lorient (9 May 1945), the liberation period spread over nearly a year and half. Rome was only liberated on 4 June 1944, Brussels on 7 September, Athens on 12 October. Auschwitz-Birkenau and Warsaw were only liberated in January 1945, Vienna in mid-April.

After so many upheavals, the Liberation of a whole country and the progressive return to a peaceful society, could in no case be considered simple. Occasionally, savage and vengeful purges accompanied intense moments of re-found peace.