The entire left side of the room is first of all devoted to repressive deportations.
In Europe, over two million persons were deported to concentration camps in the heart of Nazi Germany. The reasons given: acts of resistance, political activities, disruptive or non-compliant behaviour.
In the system of concentration camps, set up as early as 1933, killings were not systematic and immediate as they were in the death camps. Their purpose was to hold a captive population, forced to work until exhaustion for the war economy of the Third Reich. The resulting number of victims due to ill-treatment, malnutrition, disease and exhaustion is estimated at nearly 800,000.
In France, repressive deportation affected over 86,000 people. Approximately 60% of them survived. In excess of 8,800 women were deported to concentration camps, mostly to Ravensbrück (6,600).